Contoh Soal dan Pembahasan UN Bahasa Inggris SMP/MTs Sederajat

bodies, including planets, comets and asteroids, held
together by gravity.
There are many different physical forms and
measurements of galaxies. These include the spiral,
barrel-spiral and elliptical. Our galaxy, called the Milky
Way, is approximately 100,000 light years in width and
contains over 100 billion stars.
The centre of galaxies can contain many young, very
hot stars as well as older stars. Swirling clouds that
have been energized by magnetic forces also exist in
the centre. At this point in time, no one knows the
exact number of galaxies in the universe. Astronomers
are, however, learning more and more about them
everyday.
Adapted from Text Types in English 3, Macmillan
Education Australia PTY LTD

Soal No 1:
Indikator: Menentukan gambaran umum isi bacaan.
Indikator soal: Disajikan sebuah teks report siswa
dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang
gambaran umum isi bacaan dengan tepat.

1. What does the text mainly talk about?
A. Stars and other astronomical bodies.
B. The galaxy physical forms.
C. The galaxy centre.
D. Galaxies
Kunci Jawaban: D
Pembahasan: Bila kita baca teks dan pahami isi teks di
atas jelas secara umum membahas tentang galaxies.
Jawaban lain ada yang terlalu umum dan ada yang
terlalu sempit. Jadi jawaban yang paling tepat untuk
soal ini adalah jawaban D.

Soal No 2:
Indikator: Menentukan informasi tersirat.
Indikator soal: Disajikan sebuah teks narrative siswa
dapat menentukan informasi tersirat yg tepat untuk
melengkapi pernyataan yang diberikan dengn tepat.

2. From the text we know that ….
A. gravity holds galaxies together in this universe
B. the number of our universe is limited in size
C. astronomers cannot study about galaxy anymore
D. there are some forms of galaxies that we know
Kunci Jawaban: A
Pembahasan: Bila kita baca tiap jawaban dan kita
sesuaikan dengan isi teks maka hanya jawaban A yang
benar. Jawaban yang lainnya salah. Jadi jawaban yang
paling tepat untuk soal ini adalah jawaban A.

Soal No 3:
Indikator: Menentukan rujukan kata.
Indikator soal: Disajikan sebuah kalimat yang memuat
kata ganti tertentu, siswa dapat menentukan jawaban
pertanyaan tentang kata rujukan dalam teks dengan
tepat.

3. “Our galaxy, called the Milky Way, is…” (paragraph
3) What does the underlined word in the sentence refer
to?
A. The writer and the readers.
B. The readers and their friends.
C. The people of the world.
D. The members of the galaxies.
Kunci Jawaban: A
Pembahasan: Arti kata “our” dalam konteks ini adalah
kita bukan kami. Bila demikian maka yang dimaksud
adalah si penulis dan si pembaca teks ini, bukan yang
lain. Jadi jawaban soal yang paling tepat untuk soal ini
adalah jawaban A

Text 2. Read and answer questions 4 to 6.
Text 2
Ginger is a type of tropical plant. It is typically used in
a variety of cuisines around the world. It can also be
used to add color and flair to gardens and landscapes.
The most common type of ginger used in cooking
today is Zingiber officinale.
As a root plant ginger can reach up to 4 feet high, with
a stalk containing clusters of small, yellow flowers.
When eaten, ginger has a spicy taste--though this dulls
as the plant ages. Young ginger plants are typically
moist and fleshy, and become drier and more fibrous
as they age.
The root of the ginger plant is most often used in
cooking. It can be grated, shredded, or even sliced
over various items. It is a commonly used ingredient
for baking, and is used regularly in cookies, cakes,
pies, and other desserts. This plant can also be used
as a complementary spice to meats, fish, or even pasta
dishes.
According to Disabled World, ginger is often used in
the treatment of cure of nausea, motion sickness, and
upset stomachs. In addition, ginger use has been found
to be effective in the treatment of cataracts,
ammenorhea, and heart disease.

Soal No 4.
Indikator: Menentukan informasi rinci.
Indikator soal : Disajikan sebuah teks report siswa
dapat melengkapi pernyataan tentang informasi rinci
dalam teks dengan tepat.

4. People use ginger to cure heart disease because it
is … for it.
A. effective
B. worthless
C. invaluable
D. inefficient
Kunci Jawaban: A
Pembahasan: Dari kalimat terakhir diketahui bahwa
ginger mujarab untuk mengobati sakit jantung. Jadi
Kunci Jawaban yang paling tepat untuk soal ini adalah
A.

Soal No 5.
Indikator: Menentukan pokok pikiran.
Indikator soal: Disajikan sebuah teks report siswa dapat
menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang pokok pikiran
salah satu paragraph teks dengan tepat.

5. What is the main idea of paragraph 3?
A. Ginger can also be used as a complementary spice
to dishes.
B. Ginger is used regularly in cookies, cakes, pies, and
other desserts.
C. Young ginger plants are typically moist and fleshy.
D. The root of the ginger plant is most often used in
cooking.
Kunci Jawaban : D
Pembahasan: Berdasarkan paragraf 3, diketahui bahwa
kalimat-kalimat yang ada menjelaskan tentang kalimat
yang pertama. Ini artinya bahwa kalimat pertama itu
menjadi pokok pikirannya. Jadi

Soal No 6.
Kunci Jawaban soal ini adalah D
Indikator: Menentukan makna kata
Indikator soal : Disajikan sebuah teks report siswa
dapat menentukan jawaban pertanyaan tentang makna
kata dengan tepat.

6. “…and become drier and more fibrous as they age.”
What does the underlined word mean?
A. Grow old
B. Become ripe
C. Get wet
D. Be rotten
Kunci Jawaban : A
Pembahasan: Berdasarkan konteks kalimat yg diberikan
maka arti kata age yang paling tepat adalah grow old.
Jadi Kunci Jawaban soal ini adalah A.