Contoh Soal Tes TOEFL Structure dan Pembahasan Jawaban

1. In simple animals , ... ..... .. reflex movement or
involuntary response to stimuli .
(A ) behavior mostly
(B ) most is behavior
(C ) most behavior is
(D ) the most behavior
Pembahasan Jawaban : (C ) Most digunakan sebelum
noncount noun untuk mengekspresikan suatu kuantitas
yang lebih besar dari sentengah . Singular verb
berpasagan dengan noncount noun (sebagai subject ) .
Pilihan A tidak mempunyai verb . Pilihan B, verb terletak
sebelum bukan sesudah noun. Pilihan D , the digunakan
sebelum most.
2. Although the whether in Martha 's Vineyard isn't
... ..... .. to have a year -around tourist season , it has
become a favorite summer resort .
(A ) goodly enough
(B ) good enough
(C ) good as enough
(D ) enough good
Pembahasan Jawaban : (B ) Sebuah adjective digunakan
sebelum enough yang bermakna cukup . Pada pilhan (A),
kata goodly tidak sesuai dengan aturan grammar. Bentuk
adverb dari good ialah well bukan goodly . Pilihan C salah
karena as tidak dibutuhkan dan salah. Pilihan D , adjective
digunakan setelah bukan sebelum enough .
3. According to the wave theory, .. ..... ... population of
the Americas may have been the result of a number of
separate migrations.
(A ) the
(B ) their
(C ) that
(D ) whose
Pembahasan Jawaban : (A) the dapat digunakan sebelum
noncount yang diikuti sebuah qualifying phrase .
Population seharunya the population sebelum qualifying
phrase ' of the Americas '.

4. It is presumed that governing the sharing of food
influenced .... ..... . that the earliest cultures evolved .
(A ) that the way
(B ) is the way
(C ) the way
(D ) which way
Pembahasan Jawaban : (C) Adjective clause menjelaskan noun
dalam main clause. that the earliest cultures evolved
menjelaskan the way .

5. Calculus, .... ..... . elegant and economical symbolic
system , can reduce complex problems to simple terms .
(A ) it is an
(B ) that an
(C ) an
(D ) is an
Pembahasan Jawaban : (C) Subject dan Verb sudah ada . Dari
posisi phrase 'elegant and economical symbolic system '
bisa kita deteksi bahwa phrase ini merupakan appositive
atau penjelasan tambahan bagi subject 'calculus '.

6. Canada does not require that U .S. citizens obtain
passports to enter the country, and . ..... .... .
(A ) Mexico does neither
(B ) Mexico doesn 't either
(C ) neither Mexico does
(D ) either does Mexico
Pembahasan Jawaban : (B) Ada dua bentuk untuk
menyatakan negatif dalam bentuk soal seperti ini:
1. Mexico doesn 't either .
2. Neither does Mexico.

7. The poet . ..... .... just beginning to be recognized as an
important influence at the time of his death.
(A ) being Walt Whitman
(B ) who was Walt Whitman
(C ) Walt Whitman
(D ) Walt Whitman was
Pembahasan Jawaban : (D) Kalimat di atas kehilangan verb
jadi kita butuh verb .

8. .... ..... .. the formation of the sun, the planets, and
other stars began with the condensation of an
interstellar cloud .
(A ) It accepted that
(B ) Accepted that
(C ) It is accepted that
(D ) That is accepted
Pembahasan Jawaban : (C) its is accepted that (diakui bahwa)
... ..
Cara lain : kita lihat bahwa kalimat di soal sudah terdapat
1 clause lengkap 'the formation of the sun , the planets,
and other stars began with the condensation of an
interstellar cloud ' jadi kita butuhkan ialah clause lain
beserta connectornya . Ingat dua clause butuh 1
connector. 3 clause butuh 2 connector .

9. As a general rule , the standard of living ... ..... .. by the
average output of each person in society .
(A ) is fixed
(B ) fixed
(C ) has fixed
(D ) fixes
Pembahasan Jawaban : (A) Kalimat di atas kehilangan verb .
Kita pakai passive voice - -> ditandai adanya kata 'by'.

10 . The Consumer Price Index lists .. ..... ... .
(A ) how much costs every car
(B ) how much does every car cost
(C ) how much every car costs
(D ) how much are every car cost
Pembahasan Jawaban : (C) Pilihan A dan D hanya digunakan
dalam bentuk question . Pilihan D sangat jelas salahnya
karena ' are ' untuk plural sedangkan 'every ' menandakan
singular. Pilihan D salah karena seharusnya S + Verb
bukan sebaliknya .

11 . The Ford Theater where Lincoln was shot ... ..... .. .
(A ) must restore
(B ) must be restoring
(C ) must have been restored
(D ) must restored
Pembahasan Jawaban : (C) Yang dibutuhkan adalah kata
kerja dari subject 'The Ford Theater'. 'where Lincoln was
shot' merupakan adjective clause yang menjelaskan
subject ' The Ford Theater' .

12 . Fast - food restaurants have become popular because
many working people want ... ..... .. .
(A ) to eat quickly and cheaply
(B ) eating quickly and cheaply
(C ) eat quickly and cheaply
(D ) the eat quickly and cheaply
Pembahasan Jawaban : (A) want + to infinitive

13 . After seeing the movie Centennial , .... ..... . .
(A ) the book was red by many people
(B ) the book made many people want to read it
(C ) many people wanted to read the book
(D ) the reading of the book interested many people
Pembahasan Jawaban : (C) After seeing the movie Centennial
(Setelah menyaksikan film Centennial ), Banyak orang .. ..
(many people wanted to read the book)
Cara lain : Materi ini masuk dalam reduction in adjective
clause (ke dua - dua clause mesti mempunyai subject yang
sama baru dibenarkan untuk melakukan reduction
(pengurangan / penghilangan ).

14 . .. ..... ..., Carl Sandburg is also well - known for his
multivolume biography of Lincoln .
(A ) An eminent American poet
(B ) He is an eminent American poet
(C ) An eminent American poet who is
(D ) Despite an eminent American poet
Pembahasan Jawaban : (A) Subject dan Verb kalimat di atas
sudah lengkap jadi kita hanya butuh penjelas dari subject
'Carl Sandburg' (appositive) .

15 . The examiner made us .. ..... ... our identification in
order to be admitted to the test center .
(A ) showing
(B ) show
(C ) showed
(D ) to show
Pembahasan Jawaban :( B)made + verb 1 murni
Materi ini masuk dalam " Causative Verb " - - > Causative
verb + V 1 murni
Causative verb : make, have, help

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